An upstream MSAR installation

MSAR® Applications

MSAR® technology and products can be employed across all sectors of the Oil supply chain, from upstream producers through to refined product consumers.


1 – Upstream


Where upstream crude oil extraction results in a viscous or high-pour point heavy crude oil, that requires a diluent in the field to meet pipeline or end-user specifications for lower viscosity or pour point, MSAR® technology can be considered as a low-cost modular alternative to blending.

MSAR® technology can be adapted to produce a pipeline-spec crude oil for transportation, or a finished fuel for site use or local sale as a fuel oil alternative to monetise assets.

MSAR Installation up close

MSAR® Applications

MSAR® technology and products can be employed across all sectors of the Oil supply chain, from upstream producers through to refined product consumers


2 – Downstream


The capital investment for conventional residual fuel oil upgrading at a refinery typically amounts to billions of dollars, whilst implementation times of 4-6 years create additional risk when the future is uncertain. The MSAR® manufacturing process is simple in refinery terms, and is based around proven online bitumen emulsion technology that is retrofitted into refineries.  Existing fuel blending infrastructure can remain, allowing existing fuel oil production to continue in parallel. 

MSAR® process equipment, including the MSAR® Manufacturing Unit (MMU), can be delivered in shipping containers, or skid/stick mounted modular constructions.  The scope and approach is tailored to the refinery, taking into account available tanks and export facilities.  Modular construction allows for simplified integration, thereby reducing expenditure, risk and implementation times, with the latter being typically less than 12 months.  This modular approach also allows for phased investment and further expansion at a later date.

MSAR® therefore offers a solution for both complex refineries, producing heavy residue streams, and less complex refineries where conventional upgrading is likely to be uneconomic due to scale or a lack of available finance.

Once MSAR® is produced, there is no possibility for asphaltene precipitation that is associated with conventional fuel oil blending (as a result of incompatibility when mixing certain hydrocarbon streams together).

Where a refinery utilises fuel oil for fuelling of furnaces, boilers or power generation equipment, MSAR® fuel provides an opportunity to potentially reduce energy costs and emissions.

MSAR consumers

MSAR® Applications

MSAR® technology and products can be employed across all sectors of the Oil supply chain, from upstream producers through to refined product consumers.


3 – HFO consumers


Marine Fuel Applications

MSAR® fuel can be considered as a low-NOx bunker fuel oil for 4-stroke and 2-stroke diesel engines, and marine boilers.  The fuel, typically manufactured and supplied direct from candidate refineries, is delivered to marine vessels using conventional infrastructure designed for marine fuel oil.

For 4-stroke engines, Wärtsilä has demonstrated over 150,000 hours of base-load operation using V32 and V46 engines on oil-in-water emulsion fuel using Orimulsion, the forerunner to MSAR®.  MSAR® has subsequently been tested by Wärtsilä, whereby improved system performance was experienced compared with prior Orimulsion results in Finland.

For 2-stroke engines, Quadrise has worked jointly with A.P. Moller-Mærsk, the world’s largest container shipping company, on the development of Marine MSAR® fuel.  The due diligence programme covered all aspects of the use of MSAR® as a bunker fuel, such as fuel quality, transport, storage, bunkering, and combustion.  In 2014 approximately 1,000MT of Marine MSAR® was manufactured to conduct “Proof Of Concept” trials on two vessels, installed with Wärtsilä and MAN electronic slow speed diesel engines respectively, whereby MSAR® was successfully deemed a viable fuel for potential commercial use.  In 2016 an Operational Trial commenced using commercial quantities of MSAR® fuel, supplied by a Cepsa’s Refinery Gibraltar San Roque in Spain, to an operational 52000DWT/4300TEU container vessel (fueling the 68MW main engine) obtain a “Letter of No Objection” (LONO) from Wärtsilä.  Recently Quadrise received an interim LONO for MSAR® for Wärtsilä RT‐flex96C-B engines.

MSAR® fuel is compatible with future Exhaust Gas Cleaning Systems (EGCS or “Scrubbing”) to reduce marine emissions. Given the IMO 2020 decision to reduce global marine fuel oil emissions to <0.5%S equivalence, we believe that MSAR® plus EGCS will likely be one of the most economical environmental solutions from January 2020 for marine fuel users.

An oil fired powerplant

Power Utility Applications

MSAR® fuel is suitable for base-load utility generation applications, where residual fuel or crude oil is currently utilised, with over 60 million tons of relevant conversion experience.

MSAR® fuel has been successfully tested in a variety of boilers (50MWth - 770MWe) and medium-speed diesels as a base-load fuel, including a 600MWe facility equipped with GE Alstom flue gas treatment equipment to meet European emissions standards.

Currently, QIL is working in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on a ‘production to combustion’ demonstration project to highlight the suitability of MSAR® for domestic refineries and power generation, which will incorporate an extended trial on a modern 400MWe boiler.

MSAR® fuel is attractive as a lower cost fuel oil alternative, that can reduce emissions of NOx and particulate matter (including black soot, potentially reducing ash disposal costs).  MSAR® therefore reduces existing environmental compliance costs and improves the profitability of existing/new assets or compliance investments.


Industrial Applications

MSAR® fuel is also suitable for base-load industrial applications where residual fuel or crude oil is currently utilised, such as thermal boilers, cement kilns and gasifiers.